For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and
lose his own soul?
- Jesus -
Learning suffixes can cause some problems when it comes to spelling them correctly.
Spelling rules can sometimes be a little confusing so I've included this page to help those who sometimes
have difficulty knowing how to add a suffix.
Suffixes do change words but the way in which they are added often cause spelling problems for those learning
I'll admit it, even native English speakers find the spelling rules for suffixes a little challenging
We'll start with the suffix spelling rules. Most of the time the spelling of the word and the suffixes simply stay
exactly the same. However, there are some rules below that should prove beneficial for learning suffixes.
RULE: 1 - When a word ends with a consonant and the suffix begins with a consonant, just
add the suffix with no
entertainment = entertain + ment
advertisement = advertise + ment
regretful = regret + ful
RULE: 2 - For most words ending in a single consonant you need to
double the last letter when you add suffixes. This is especially true for one syllable
run + ing = running
fun + y = funny
RULE: 3 - When the one syllable word ends with more than one
consonant, the last letter is NOT doubled.
start + ing = starting
ring + ing = ringing
RULE: 4 - For words with more than one syllable and end with the letter
"L" you must double the "L" when adding suffixes.
reveal + ing = revealling
cancel + ed = cancelled
RULE:5 - Words that are stressed on the last syllable and end with a
single consonant, you need to double
the last letter.
refer + ing = referring
begin + er = beginner
RULE:6 - Words that are NOT stressed on
the last syllable, you do NOT need to double the last letter.
benefit + ed = benefited
offer + ing = offering
RULE: 7 - The"Y" to "I" and the
Words ending in a consonant plus "Y" = the "Y" is changed to "I" when adding the suffix. When adding the suffix
'ing' to a word ending in "Y" = you keep the "Y."